Exegesis of the verse “Affection”

This book is a work of the outstanding scholar “Allameh Tehrani” in which he considers commentary of the Koranic verse:

“That is what God proclaims to those servants of His who believe and perform honorable deeds.

Say: “I do not ask you any payment for it except affection towards your relatives.”

We shall add to its fineness for anyone who acquires a fine deed. God is forgiving, Appreciative (42/23): the sura Showra (consultation)


The author


Allameh Seyyed Muhammad Hossein Hosseini Tehrani, outstanding scholar, theosophist, philosopher, theologian and literary man in the 21st century. He was born in 1926 in Tehran.

Allameh had studied mechanics successfully and could go abroad, continue his eduacation and work, but he started studying religious sciences.
Allameh went to “Qom Hawzeh” and studied philosophy, commentary and theosophy in the presence of great philosopher; “Allameh Tabatabaei” and other masters for 7 years.
Then he went to Najaf at the age of 27 to continue his studies.
He studied jurisprudence (Fiqh), methodology (Osul) and Hadith under great jurisconsults and scholars.
Allameh was also trained in the presence of great scholars and theosophists:

Sheikh Abbas Qochani, Seyyed Jamal al-Din Golpayegani, Sheikh Muhammad Javad Ansari and the prominent theosophist; “Seyyed Hashem Mousavi Haddad” who was one of the greatest students of “Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Qazi Tabatabaei”.
“Haddad” had a profound effect on Allameh’s life.

At the age of 33, by order of his master “Sheikh Muhammad Javad Ansari”, he returned to Tehran and started propagating Islamic commandments and guiding people.

Allameh Tehrani ahd also political activities. He wasa against “Muhammad Reza shah” (king of Iran) and was going to establish  an Islamic government.
He communicated with Imama Khomeini (the former supreme leader of Iran) by his students “Murteza Mutahari”.
In 1979, by order of his master “Seyyed Hashem Haddad”, he went to Mashhad and spent his rest of life in this city. He trained many students and wrote prominent books.

Some of his works:

1- On the knowledge of Imam (18 volumes)
2- On the knowledge of resurrection (10 volumes)
3- On the knowledge of Allah (3 volumes)
4- Scientific and natural monotheism in philosophical and theosophical sects

5- The treatise “Badi’e” (Novelty)
6- The duty of a Muslim for reviving Islamic government
7-  Authority of jurist (Welayat- e Faqih) in Islamic government (4 volumes)
8- Lama’at al-Hossein (the preaching and sermon of Imam Hossein [the 3rd Imam of Shias. P.b.u.h] )
9- The treatise “Lob al lobab” (Crème de la crème)
10- The light of the Quran (4 volumes)


The book structure


The following are some of the subjects mentioned in the book.

1- Commentary of the verse “Affection” (Mawaddat)

2-Gods Road is the same as “affection towards relatives”

3-Appearing the characteristics of beloved in lover

4-Diferent commentaries on the term “relatives” by Sunni scholars

5-Fakhr Razis viewpoint on “Affection”

6-the term “Relatives” only refer to Holy Imams (the 12 Shia Imams, the prophet and his daughter “Fatima”)

7-The prophetic Hadiths on the Holy position of her holiness Fatima (the prophet’s daughter)

Sources :

  1. Exegesis of the verse “Affection”