در این متـن میخوانـــیم :
This book is one of the Sadrol Mote-alehin shirazi’s works that has been written according to the way of “tasting wisdom”(hekmate zughi) and “intuitive style”(oslube shuhudi). In this book, in some cases, the author invoked to the “Four journeys”(Asfare Arba-eh) subjects and his other writings. Sadrol Mote-alehin also in “Iqazol Na-imin” book, like his other books and treatises, started his subjects with “being”(wujud). This book is in arabic and is the gist of “intuitive views”. In fact it is the complement of Molla sadra’s exploring works in human being subjects, ####“spiritual mystic journey”(suluke ruhani) degrees, creativity of the soul, imaginal immateriality(tajarode khiyal), the worlds of purgatory(avaleme barzakh), assembling(hashr) and resurrection.
The biography of Sadr Aldin shirazi(Molla Sadra):
Mohammad the son of Ibrahim Shirazi also called Sadr Aldin and famous to Molla Sadra or Sadr Almote-alehin, was born in Shiraz in 1571 or 1572A.D.(979 or 980A.H.). His father “Ibrahim the son of Yahyä Ghavämi” was one of the ministers of saffavid government. He was wealthy and influential and with great effort trained his son. Mullah Sadra’s life can be divided into three periods:
1- The periods of seminarian, studentship, discussion, studying of the old books and viewpoints of philosophers in Shiraz and Isfahan. In this period, he studied viewpoint of philosophers, kaläm, “Aristotelian” (mash-shäi) and Illuminative (eshräghi) philosophers.
2- The stage of “self-discipline” (tahzibe nafs), “asceticism” (riyazat) and “mystical disclosure” (mokashefeh) in “kahak” village (near the “Qom”) that finally led to “unveiling of Lordly truths”(kashfe haghäyegh rabäni) and “theological sciences”.
3- The stage of writing and teaching in Shiraz in the school that Allahverdy Khan, the governor of “Fars”, built it. During this period, Mullah Sadra almost wrote all his works. Mullah Sadra caused the “Divine Wisdom” (hekmate ellähi) and Islamic Philosophy enters into the new stage. He, in what is called “supreme knowledge” (elme a’lä) or universal science or “prime philosophy” or “Divine Wisdom” (hekmate elähi), [and it is the only part that really is “philosophy” and called “Real philosophy”], overshadowed the former philosopher position, changed the principles and first foundations of this science and strengthened it on a steadfast principle. Mullah Sadra, till end of his life, composed and instructed, and in this times, seven times walked to “Mecca” that in returning from the seventh journey, passed away in “Basra” in 1640A.D. (1050A.H).
Masters: Sheikh Bahä Aldin Ämoli famous to Sheikh Bahäi, Mirdamäd, Mir Abolghäsem Fenderski the Gnostic, devout and unique mathematician of that time, etc.
Students: Molla sadrä trained many students but the most famous of them were: Molla Mohsen Feyz Kashäni and molla Abdolrazägh Lähiji. Both of them, in addition of having studentship position, were his son-in-law.
Works:The Transcendent Theosophy (Four Journeys of Soul) [Alhekmate Almote aliye (asfare arba eh)]- Sharhe al-hidayat- Al-mabda wal-maad- Huduthe al-alam- Al-masha-er- Sharhe Shafa- Al-shawahid al-rububiyyah- Ajwibat al-masail- commentaries upon some quran’s suras, etc.
The structure of book:
This book consist of following topics
1- The introduction of proofreader
2- Iqazol Na-imin
3- Ensangarai (humanism),
4- Pointings to the quality of correction
5- The author’s Foreword in explaining the monotheism science
7- Ershad (guiding),
8- Elaam (announcement),
9- Tasjil (making [absolutely] sure- confirmation
10- Vahm va Tanbih (imagination and punishment),
12- Hedayat (directing),
13- Efazat (manifestation),
15- Lame-ate kashfiyeh
16- Nafahate ghodsiyeh
17- Eshraghate elahiyeh (divine illuminative),
18- Tanbih (punishment),
19- Maratebe alnas (degrees of people),
20- Maghame jamei (collective status),
21- References of Sadr Al-Moteallehin’s biography and works
22- List of traditions
This book has been printed by cultural research institution in Tehran in 1982(1361) and its introduction and correction has been done by Dr. Mohsen Moayd.
Iqazol Na-imin/ by Sadredin Shirazi
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