Explanation of the Morning Prayer

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This is one of the most significant works of Mullah Hadi Sabzewari; in Arabic. Many explanations have been written on the Morning Prayer, but this is the best and the most exact explanation. The Morning Prayer is attributed to Imam Ali (p.b.u.h).

The author
Mullah Hadi Sabzewari, Persian philosopher and poet (1797 – 1878), Sabzewar (town in Khorasan, Iran). He disseminated and clarified the doctrines of Mullah Sadra#### Shirazi (leading Persian philosopher; 1571 – 1640). He studies philosophy and mysticism in Isfahan, Iran under great teachers: Mullah Hossein Sabzewari, Muhammad Ibrahim Karbasi, Sheikh Muhammad Taqi, Mullah Ali Mazandarani Nuri and Mullah Ismail Isfahani. Then he went to Mashhad and started teaching. The following are some of his students in Mashhad:
- Mullah Muhammad Kazem Khorasani
- Mullah Muhammad Kazem Sabzewari
- Ayatollah Mirza Hossein Mujtahed Sabzewari
- Mullah Abdul Karim Quchani
- Mirzza Hasan Karim Damad
- Mirza Muhammad Yazdi, etc.

Then went to Sabzewar and took up residence for forty years in this city. He wrote books and trained many students.
Sabzewari was also a poet, composed mystic poems. His pen name was “Asrar” (Secrets).

Structure of the book
The Morning Prayer is divided into some units by the author and the literary points and rhetoric are mentioned in each unit.
It contains 73 units. The following are the most important philosophical, theological and mystic subjects of the book:
- On the ways of piety
- Different sorts of unity
- Viewing God according Mutazila (name of a religious movement founded at Basra by Wasel Ibn Ata) and Asha’ira (the school of orthodox theology founded by Ash’ari)
- The relationship between temporality and eternity
- Chastity
- Triumph
- The soul
- The angels and Satan
- Poverty and its meaning
- Sin
- Determination and God’s will
- Power from the viewpoint theologians and philosophers
- The good and evil
- Differences between the sensory light and existential light
- Death and mortality
- Fallacies

The book was published in 1978 in Tehran.

Sources

Explanation of the Morning Prayer

Keywords


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